King - K
Queen - Q
Bishop - B
Knight - N (because K is already taken)
Rook - R
Pawn - [No notation]
See how algebraic notation works in practice by examining one of the most common openings, the Ruy Lopez, or Spanish, game. Each move is numbered and includes one move by white and one move by black. The opening moves of the Ruy Lopez are written as follows:
- e4 e5
- Nf3 Nc6
White moves first, followed by black, so it follows that white’s first move was to e4, and black’s was to e5. Remember, the absence of a piece designation (a capital letter) indicates a pawn move. The following figure shows where white and then black moved their pawns.
The first moves of the Ruy Lopez.
For the second set of moves, the white knight moves to f3 and the black knight moves to c6, as shown here.
The second round of moves.
Now, white moves the bishop out to attack the knight. Remember that a capital B
means bishop, and a lowercase b
refers to the b-file.
The white bishop moves to b5.